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Phosphorus XES Spectrometer

Instrument types

This custom XES instrument consists of two independent, integrated spectrometers simultaneously measuring phosphorus Kα and Kβ XES.  While the Kα XES gives information on oxidation state distribution, the Kβ XES gives additional information about electronic structure, including sensitivities such as ligand identity, symmetry, and bonding information.  This dual capability system allows measurement of both of these channels for maximum information content of each sample.